The human body is composed of millions of cells, organs and systems that work constantly to keep us alive. Cells and organs tend to lose a lot of byproducts, toxic waste and other toxic substances as part of the metabolism and digestion. This is the excretory system in the body that helps in flushing out these wastes from the body and helps us to survive without the damaging effects of these toxins.
Organs of excretion system, including the lungs, skin, reproductive organs like the uterus, kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. When the organ is not functioning, they failed to remove waste from the system effectively. This raises several common diseases excretion. Let's look at a common disease that affects the organs of excretion system.
The most common diseases of the excretory system Affect Kidneys
The main organ that helps in the formation of urine is the kidney. The kidneys filter all the waste in the body and bloodstream. This led to the formation of urine is flushed out of the body. A common disease that affects the kidneys are as follows:
Diabetes insipidus is a disease that sufferers emit too much urine. Causes of this disease are hormone deficient ADH (Anti-Diuretic Hormone) is a hormone that affects the process fluid reabsorption in the kidneys. When ADH hormone deficiency, the amount of urine can be increased to 30-fold.
Glucosuria is a disease characterized the presence of glucose in the urine. This disease is also called diabetes. Increasing blood sugar levels due to lack of the hormone insulin. Nephrons are not able to reabsorb the excess glucose, so that the excess glucose is disposed of with urine.
Kidney stones can form due to deposition of calcium salts in the cavity of the kidney, renal tract, and bladder. Kidney stones are crystals that form insoluble and contains calcium oxalate, uric acid and calcium phosphate crystals. The reason is because due to eating too much salt and too little mineral water consumption. Kidney stones can cause hidronefosis (enlarged kidneys because urine can not flow out) it is due to narrowing aliranginjal or blocked by kidney stones.
Kidney failure is a kidney disorder that is not working properly. The disease is caused by conditions that interfere with kidney function. The disease is divided into 2 semestara kidney disease and remains. Patients with kidney disease while it can be helped by dialysis. While patients with kidney disease can still ditong with a kidney transplant.
Nephritis is inflammation of the kidney that occurs due to bacterial infection diseases of the nephron. These bacteria enter through the respiratory tract and then brought blood to the kidneys. Because these infections nephron inflamed so that proteins and cells - blood cells that enter with the primary urine and can not be filtered out with urine. In addition, nephritis can lead to uremia, ie urea entering the blood exceeds normal levels. The presence of urea in the blood can cause impaired absorption of water, then the water will accumulate in the legs or other body organs. In addition, nephritis can be caused by a faulty immune reaction and injured kidneys. Signs of nephritis is hematuria (blood in the urine), proteinuria (protein in the urine) and liver function damage, which depends on the type, location and severity of an immune response.
Albuminuria is a disease characterized by the excretion system of patient urine containing albumin. Albumin is a protein that is beneficial for humans because it serves to prevent the liquid is not too much out of the blood. This disease causes too much albumin who escaped from the kidneys filter and wasted with urine. The disease is partly due to the shortage of protein. How to prevent it by way of controlling blood sugar levels and reduce the degree of albuminuria with diuretics small doses and limiting the intake of protein (0.6-0.8 g / kg body weight per day).
The most common diseases of the excretory system Affects ureter
The ureters are muscular tube that helps urine to pass from the kidneys to the bladder. This disease affects the ureter urine including urethritis. It is an inflammation of the ureter due to bacterial or viral infection. The symptoms of urethritis are different in men and women. Men showed signs of blood in the urine and semen, burning sensation during urination, frequent urination, pain and swelling of the penis and pain during ejaculation. Women show abdominal pain, pain during urination, fever, pain in the pelvis and vagina, vaginal discharge, and others.
The most common disease of the System Urinary excretion Affects
The bladder stores the urine from the kidneys until they are flushed out of the body through the urethra. The bladder and urethra are both susceptible to various infections. The infection causes painful urination, blood in the urine, pain in the lower abdomen, foul-smelling urine, cloudy urine, etc. If left untreated, can cause many kidney diseases and reproductive complications.
The most common diseases of the excretory system Affect Lungs
The lungs are a part of our body's respiratory system. They work like a rubber balloon that takes oxygen and then deflate dispose of carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide is a waste product gas oxygen left behind after the gas exchange takes place. There are some common diseases that affect the lungs:
TB disease is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease can be transmitted through saliva splashes when the patient coughs. If necessary, people with TB may also be quarantined in a special place so as not to transmit the disease .Penyakit is also actually one of the diseases that have been conquered, but later returned to attack. One is because tuberculosis is not spending their drugs. The drug must be taken regularly for 6 to 9 months to cure this disease. Do not spend medications can cause the patient can not recover and lead a drug no longer able to fight germs because germs become resistant.
The disease is caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi that infect the lungs, especially in the alveoli. This disease causes difficult to enter because the alveolar oxygen filled with fluid. Pencegahnnya by always maintain cleanliness and keep the immune system stay strong can prevent bacteria are not able to penetrate the defenses of the body's health. If it has been suffering from pneumonia, usually cured by taking antibiotics.
Asthma is known to asthma caused by bronchospasm. Asthma is a major narrowing of the respiratory tract to the lungs. Symptoms of this disease characterized by difficulty breathing or shortness of breath. The disease is not contagious and is declining. Environmental conditions where the air is unhealthy or has been contaminated will trigger an asthma attack. The basic principle is treatment of asthma attacks by providing good medicine injections (Hydrocortisone), syrup Ventolin (Salbutamol) or nebulizer (gas salbutamol) to help loosen respiratory tract.
Lung cancer is the growth of cancer cells that are not controlled in the lung tissue. If left unchecked this abnormal growth can spread to other organs, both near and far to the lung such as bones, liver, or brain. Lung cancer is mostly caused by smoking (87%), while the rest are caused by substance asbestos, radiation, arsenic, chromate, nickel, chloromethyl ethers, mustard gas and coke oven emission can cause lung cancer, although usually only occurs in workers who also smoke.
Emphysema is caused due to loss of elasticity in the alveoli. Alveolar itself is bubbles contained in the lungs. In patients with emphysema, lung volume greater than the healthy people because of carbon dioxide should be issued from the lungs trapped therein. Cigarette smoke and the lack of the enzyme alpha-1-antitrypsin is the cause of the loss of elasticity in the lungs.
Pleurisy is inflammation of the pleura, which is, humid double-layered membrane that surrounds the lungs and lines the ribs. This condition can make breathing very painful. Sometimes associated with another condition called pleural effusion, in which excess fluid fills the area between the membrane layers.
The most common diseases of the excretory system Affect Skin
The largest external organ of the body is the skin. It not only helps protect the internal organs from infections and other physical and environmental hazards, but also help remove salt and other waste products from the skin. Let's look at a common condition that affects the skin:
Acne or pimples is a common skin infection that affects adolescents and young adults. The skin consists of pores hindered by excessive oil production secreted by oil glands. Dust, dirt, bacteria, etc. trapped in the pores and this causes acne eruptions. Excessive acne indicates that the body is unable to remove toxins and waste due to many hormonal and other kidney problems. So, people should drink plenty of water and take steps to prevent acne.
One of the most common cancers affecting people worldwide is skin cancer. There are three common types of skin cancer depends on the type of skin cell it came from. These include melanoma, squamous cell cancer and basal cell cancer. Excessive exposure to UV rays which cause direct or indirect damage to DNA, tobacco smoking, genetic predisposition, human papilloma virus, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, etc. can cause skin cancer.
The most common diseases of the excretory system Affecting Reproductive Organs
You may not believe it, but the reproductive organs such as the uterus in women, also acts as an organ of excretion. Women tend to menstruate every month. This menstrual bleeding is a kind of excretion of residual blood, tissue, and unfertilized egg cells of the body. So, with a metaphorical way, the uterus also acts as an organ of excretion in women. There are quite a few diseases that affect the reproductive organs. Of these, some of the most common diseases are as follows:
Sexually Transmitted Disease
Venereal disease or sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are transmitted due to unsafe sexual behavior. These diseases include many bacterial, viral and fungal infections such as syphilis, gonorrhea, herpes, HIV / AIDS, candidiasis, etc. It is very important to prevent infection with sexually transmitted diseases because it can lead to many serious complications as a result of the many complications of reproduction and infertility arise , Most STD infections are very contagious and can be transferred from one sexual partner to another, from mother to baby during childbirth and while breastfeeding.
There are plenty of ovarian cancer include uterine sarcomas, cervical cancer, etc. Cancer is destroyed almost all the time. It requires doctors to perform a hysterectomy and chemotherapy to get rid of cancer cells. This leads to infertility in most women.
We should always seek medical help to get rid of this disease as soon as possible. If the waste is not excreted out of the body, it would lead to many medical complications such as mental confusion, delirium, sleep disorders, toxicity, etc. Hope the above information has been useful in understanding some of the common diseases and disorders that affect the organs of excretion system.