In general, diabetes is divided intotype 1 diabetesandtype 2 diabetes. But what is the difference between the two types of diabetes?
Although both types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2, both have blood sugar levels that exceed the normal limits, but the cause and manner of development of the condition they are different.
Differences in type 1 diabetes and type 2
Here are some of the things that distinguishes between the two types of diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes Type 1 diabetes used to be known by the termjuvenile-onsetorinsulin-dependent diabetes.This type occurs only about 5-10% of all cases of diabetes.In type 1 diabetes, there are abnormalities in the immune system, in which the immune system attacks and destroys precisely insulin-producing cells found in the pancreas.The cells called beta cells.
Without insulin, the body's cells can not absorb sugar (glucose), which the body needs energy to perform its functions.
This type of diabetes is usually diagnosed when the age of the children or young age, because it makes the immune system disorder sufferers suddenly become ill and seek treatment due to symptoms of high blood sugar levels in the body.
Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 diabetes is a type of majority (approximately 90-95%) occurs in the case of diabetes, and can develop in any age.Type 2 diabetes generally occurs in adulthood.In type 2 diabetes, the body can not respond to / use insulin properly.This condition is calledinsulin resistance.
Because insulin resistance, blood sugar levels become high.To offset the high blood sugar, the body will produce more insulin.If the pancreas continues to work hard to produce large amounts of insulin, the insulin-producing cells (beta cells) in the pancreas could be weakened / broken.This causes the body type 2 diabetes slowly only produce very little insulin or even lose the ability to produce insulin.This condition is known as insulin deficiency.
Type 2 diabetes is often caused by lifestyle factors.Because it is more common in adults, diabetes was once known asadult-onset diabetes.
In the table below, you can see some differences between diabetes type 1 and type 2. However, it should be noted that the points mentioned are general, and exceptions could occur in certain conditions.
Type 1 diabetes
Diabetes Type 2
More often diagnosed in children / youth
Usually diagnosed in people aged over 30 years
Not associated with excess weight
Often associated with excess body weight
Can not be prevented
Can be prevented with a healthy lifestyle, maintaining weight, healthy diet, and exercise
Treated with insulin injections
Initially often handled without medication (by way of diet and healthy lifestyle), or by taking medication
Can not be controlled without insulin injection (insulin dependence)
Usually can be controlled without treatment, namely by adopting a healthy lifestyle and regular
What equate the two?
Which makes both are symptoms, caused by high blood sugar levels.However, in type 1 diabetes gejalnya can arise suddenly.Whereas in type 2 symptoms develop very slowly, and sufferers are not aware of current conditions.